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人教版高中英语必修五Unit 1 Great scientists

时间:2021-10-28 00:26 点击次数:
  本文摘要:Warming Up Reading — Language Points(一)凭据英文释义和首字母提示写出单词1.defeat: to win against sb. in a war, competition, sports, game etc.2.attend: to be present at an event3.cure:to make a person or an animal healthy again after an illness4.challenge:a

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Warming Up & Reading — Language Points(一)凭据英文释义和首字母提示写出单词1.defeat: to win against sb. in a war, competition, sports, game etc.2.attend: to be present at an event3.cure:to make a person or an animal healthy again after an illness4.challenge:a new or difficult task that tests sb.'s ability and skill5.suspect:to have an idea that something is bad but without having definite proof6.blame:to think or say that sb./sth. is responsible for sth. bad7.absorb: to take in liquid, gas, or another substance from the surface or space around sth.8.link: to make a connection between two or more things or people(二)凭据词性和汉语提示写出单词,并举行拓展9.scientific adj.科学的→science n.科学→scientist n.科学家10.conclude vt. & vi.竣事;推断出→conclusion n.结论;竣事11.expose vt.袒露;揭破;使曝光→exposure n.袒露;曝光12.pollute vt.污染;弄脏→polluted adj.受污染的→pollution n.污染13.announce vt.宣布;通告→announcement n.宣告;通知14.instruct vt.下令;指示→instruction n.说明单词剖析:1.defeat[课本原句] JOHN SNOW DEFEATS "KING CHOLERA"约翰·斯诺战胜"霍乱王"(1)vt.打败;战胜;使受挫①The team defeated his opponent and won the champion in the final of the competition.这个队在角逐的决赛中打败对手,获得冠军。②The proposal was defeated by 16 votes to 6.因16票阻挡,6票赞成,该提议未能通过。(2)n.[C,U]失败③He always seems cheerful even in defeat.他总是看起来很兴奋,纵然输了也这样。

比力defeat, beat, windefeat 击败,强调历程和效果 ,宾语是对手beat 打败;(一连)击打, 宾语是对手win 赢得;获胜,宾语是game或prize等Yesterday I defeated/beat John at chess. He won only one set, while I won two sets.昨天我和约翰下棋赢了他。他只赢了一盘,而我赢了两盘。2.attend vi.& vt.照料;照顾护士(病人);出席;到场[课本原句] John Snow was a famous doctor in London — so expert, indeed, that he attended Queen Victoria as her personal physician.约翰·斯诺是伦敦一位著名的医生——他简直医术精湛,因而成了维多利亚女王的私人医生。①The professor is rich in knowledge, so we all like to attend his lecture.这位教授知识渊博,因此我们都喜欢听他的演讲。

attend a meeting/a lecture/school到场集会/听陈诉/上学attend (on/upon) sb. 照顾某人;伺候某人attend to 处置惩罚;敷衍;接待(主顾);专心;注意②Presidents from many countries attended the 2016 G20 Hangzhou Summit.来自许多国家的元首出席了2016年杭州G20峰会。③He was badly injured. As a result, he was attended (on) by three nurses.他伤势严重。因此,有3名护士照顾护士他。[点津] 作"照顾;照顾护士"讲时,可用attend,也可用attend on/upon;作"出席;到场"讲时,attend多作及物动词。

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④Attend to your study and stop talking.专心学习,不要讲话。⑤Excuse me, but I have an important matter to attend to.对不起,但我有件要事要办。

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比力attend, join, join in,。


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